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The Hadith

Muslims must remember that the Quran is the only Book that was revealed to the Prophet by Allah. No other document can be used to supplement or add to the Quran. This is what the Quran says about using other sources to add to the Quran. Muslims must follow the Quran. No other document should be used to add or distort the teachings shown in the Quran.

Chapter (45) sūrat l-jāthiyah (Crouching)

Sahih International: These are the verses of Allah which We recite to you in truth. Then in what statement after Allah and His verses will they believe?(Quran 45:6)

In main stream Islam of all sects, the Hadith is considered second in authority only to the Qur'an. The Hadith have been used by some Muslims to cause misery and conflict for centuries within the Muslim world. Many Muslims leaders use it to force an extremist medieval form of Islam upon their subjects both Muslim and non Muslim. It is claimed to be a record of the Prophet Mohammed's (pbuh) life, actions, and deeds. A saying in the Hadith is called a sunnah. These sunnah were transmitted by word of mouth down through the centuries having been memorised first by prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) companions and then later by subsequent Muslims. Therefore, the hadith is the written record of the oral traditions passed down from Muslim to Muslim of what the prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was supposed to have said and done.

The Hadith are split into two categories, "Hadith Qudsi (sacred hadith) in which Allah (God) himself is speaking in, as it were, a complementary revelation through the prophet, and Hadith Sharif (noble hadith), the prophet's own acts and utterances."

There are more than 50 recognized Hadith books containing 1000 of Hadith.

IMAMS OF SUNNI HADITH:
• Imam Muhammad Ismail Bukhari 256 AH (870CE)
• Imam Muslim Bin Hajjaj Al-Qasheeri 261 AH (875 CE)
• Abu Abdullah Ibn Yazeed Ibn Majah 273 AH (886 CE)
• Suleman Abu Dawood 275 AH (888 CE)
• Imam Abu Musa Tirmizi 279 AH (883 CE)
• Imam Abdur Rahman Nisai 303 AH (915 CE)

The most famous and universally accepted among the six main Sunni collections of Hadith are those of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

IMAMS OF SHI'A HADITH:
• Sheikh Muhammad Bin Yaqoob Bin Ishaq Al-Kaleeni 329 AH (941 CE)
• Sheikh Saddooq Abu Ja'far bin Ali Tabrasi 381 AH (993 CE)
• Sheikh Abu Ja'far Muhammad Ibn-e-Hasan Toosi 460 AH (1071 CE)

IMAMS OF FIQH (JURISTS - AH YEAR OF DEATH):
• Imam Malik Bin Anas 179 AH (795 CE)
• Imam Abu Hanifa 150 AH ( 767 CE)
• Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal 241 AH (855 CE)
• Imam Shafi'i 204 AH (819 CE)

As you can see Imam Muhammad Ismail Bukhari 256 AH (870CE) was the first to collect the Hadith. It is said that he collected over 600,000 and found most to be false. From this 600,000 he selected around 7,300 to be valid and included them in his works.

Many Muslims these days spend more time studying the Hadith than they do praying or studying the Quran! If we look at the Muslim world today we are a divided Umma bickering over small details in this Hadith or that. What one Muslim takes as a true Hadith another Muslim rejects as week or false.

Many Muslims say the Quran is not clear on many things and needs further clarification so turn to there Imams who turn to the Hadith. The Quran is very clear on these matters.

Sahih International : It is He who has sent down to you, [O Muhammad], the Book; in it are verses [that are] precise - they are the foundation of the Book - and others unspecific. As for those in whose hearts is deviation [from truth], they will follow that of it which is unspecific, seeking discord and seeking an interpretation [suitable to them]. And no one knows its [true] interpretation except Allah. But those firm in knowledge say, "We believe in it. All [of it] is from our Lord." And no one will be reminded except those of understanding.(Quran 3:7)

Sahih International : And this [Qur'an] is a Book We have revealed [which is] blessed, so follow it and fear Allah that you may receive mercy.(Quran 6:155)

Sahih International : And who is more unjust than one who invents about Allah a lie or denies His verses? Those will attain their portion of the decree until when Our messengers come to them to take them in death, they will say, "Where are those you used to invoke besides Allah ?" They will say, "They have departed from us," and will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.(Quran 7:37)

However please remember that Islam is a religion of tolerance and peace. Any Hadith that goes against this is false. Many of the conflicts between Muslims and none Muslims are linked to the week or false Hadith. Please remember that the Qur'an is the only authority in Islam. We have included information on the Hadith as we belive it is for each muslim to decide what they feel is the true path for them. But be carfull do not follow what is forbiden in the Qur'an.

What all Muslims should think about is that if Allah had wanted the Prophet to give us more than the Quran he would have instructed him to write it and keep it safe as he did with the Quran. The Quran was fully detailed and organized in its final form during the life of the Prophet by his own hand.

Sahih International: Say, "O People of the Scripture, come to a word that is equitable between us and you - that we will not worship except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of Allah." But if they turn away, then say, "Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him]."(Quran 3:64)

Sahih International : And is it not sufficient for them that We revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Indeed in that is a mercy and reminder for a people who believe.
(Quran 29:51)

The sad truth is that there is no country in the world today that is following or practising Islam as it was practised by the Prophet. The Prophet followed the Qur'an and nothing else. Muslims during the time of the Prophet did not divide themselves into sects! They were simply Muslims. The Prophet did not tell his followers to do anything other than what was reviled in the Qur'an.

Yet today we find Muslims divided into many sects and all have abandoned the teachings of the Qur’an in favour of following other religious documents or leaders. Most main stream Muslims no matter what sect they lay claim to have distorted the practice of Islam with teachings and rules from books such as the Hadith or Islamic writings from religious leaders. They feel or are told that the Qur’an is not sufficient to follow Islam properly. They need additional guidance and help from Islamic scholars and religious leaders. Truly they are blind. For the Qur’an is clear on this matter.

Sahih International: Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.(Quran 4:105)

Sahih International: And We have revealed to you, [O Muúammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.(Quran 5:48)

Sahih International: Say, "What thing is greatest in testimony?" Say, " Allah is witness between me and you. And this Qur'an was revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you [truly] testify that with Allah there are other deities?" Say, "I will not testify [with you]." Say, "Indeed, He is but one God, and indeed, I am free of what you associate [with Him]."(Quran 6:19)

Sahih International: [Say], "Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?" And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters. (Quran 6:114)

Sahih International: And We had certainly brought them a Book which We detailed by knowledge - as guidance and mercy to a people who believe.(Quran 7:52)

Sahih International: Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur'an and indeed, We will be its guardian.(Quran 15:9)

Sahih International: And [mention] the Day when We will resurrect among every nation a witness over them from themselves. And We will bring you, [O Muhammad], as a witness over your nation. And We have sent down to you the Book as clarification for all things and as guidance and mercy and good tidings for the Muslims.(Quran 16:89)

Sahih International: And when Our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, those who do not expect the meeting with Us say, "Bring us a Qur'an other than this or change it." Say, [O Muhammad], "It is not for me to change it on my own accord. I only follow what is revealed to me. Indeed I fear, if I should disobey my Lord, the punishment of a tremendous Day."

Sahih International: Say, "If Allah had willed, I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you, for I had remained among you a lifetime before it. Then will you not reason?"

Sahih International: So who is more unjust than he who invents a lie about Allah or denies His signs? Indeed, the criminals will not succeed (Quran 10:15-17)

Sahih International: Allah has sent down the best statement: a consistent Book wherein is reiteration. The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and their hearts relax at the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whom He wills. And one whom Allah leaves astray - for him there is no guide.(Quran 39:23)

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Authority of the Sunnah 

Authority of the Sunnah
Definition of the Sunnah, and the History of the Sunnah, and the Efforts of the Scholars in verifying the Sunnah.

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Bukhari :: Muslim :: Malik :: Dawud Hadith Collection 

Bukhari :: Muslim :: Malik :: Dawud Hadith Collection


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Introduction to and History of the Sunnah 

Introduction to and History of the Sunnah
The Sunnah as seen by most orthodox Muslims

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Rules Governing the Criticism of Hadeeth 

Rules Governing the Criticism of Hadeeth


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Weak Hadith 

Weak Hadith
Muslims must remember that the Quran is the only Book that was revealed to the Prophet by Allah. No other document can be used to supplement or add to the Quran. This is what the Quran says about using other sources to add to the Quran. Muslims must follow the Quran. No other document should be used to add or distort the teachings shown in the Quran.

details
  

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